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Bouncy Castle AES / CBC / PKCS7で文字列を暗号化する

Bouncy Castle Frameworkを使用してタイトルの暗号化を使用して単純な文字列を暗号化する方法に関するサンプルコードを探していました。

このコードは、Windows Universalプロジェクトで実行されます。 APIのビルドを使用して暗号化しようとした以前の試みは、サーバーでの復号化に失敗しました。

私はこれを試しました:これは私に次のような文字列を与えます:

4pQUfomwVVsl68oQqWoWYNRmRM + Cp + vNFXBNdkN6dZPQ34VZ35vsKn9Q7QGTDVOj + w5mqVYHnGuAOFOgdgl8kA ==

s = String.Format("{0}_{1}", s, DateTime.Now.ToString("ddMMyyyyHmmss"));
SymmetricKeyAlgorithmProvider algorithm = SymmetricKeyAlgorithmProvider.OpenAlgorithm(SymmetricAlgorithmNames.AesCbcPkcs7);
IBuffer keymaterial = CryptographicBuffer.ConvertStringToBinary("[Key]", BinaryStringEncoding.Utf8);
CryptographicKey KEY = algorithm.CreateSymmetricKey(keymaterial);
IBuffer IV = CryptographicBuffer.ConvertStringToBinary("[IV]", BinaryStringEncoding.Utf8);
IBuffer data = CryptographicBuffer.ConvertStringToBinary(s, BinaryStringEncoding.Utf8);
IBuffer output = CryptographicEngine.Encrypt(KEY, data, IV);
return CryptographicBuffer.EncodeToBase64String(output);

サーバーは暗号化/復号化を行います

public static string Encrypt(string text, byte[] key, byte[] iv, int keysize = 128, int blocksize = 128, CipherMode cipher = CipherMode.CBC, PaddingMode padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7)
{
    AesCryptoServiceProvider aes = new AesCryptoServiceProvider();
    aes.BlockSize = blocksize;
    aes.KeySize = keysize;
    aes.Mode = cipher;
    aes.Padding = padding;

    byte[] src = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(text);
    using (ICryptoTransform encrypt = aes.CreateEncryptor(key, iv))
    {
        byte[] dest = encrypt.TransformFinalBlock(src, 0, src.Length);
        encrypt.Dispose();
        return Convert.ToBase64String(dest);
    }
}

public static string Decrypt(string text, byte[] key, byte[] iv, int keysize = 128, int blocksize = 128, CipherMode cipher = CipherMode.CBC, PaddingMode padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7)
{
    AesCryptoServiceProvider aes = new AesCryptoServiceProvider();
    aes.BlockSize = blocksize;
    aes.KeySize = keysize;
    aes.Mode = cipher;
    aes.Padding = padding;

    byte[] src = Convert.FromBase64String(text);
    using (ICryptoTransform decrypt = aes.CreateDecryptor(key, iv))
    {
        byte[] dest = decrypt.TransformFinalBlock(src, 0, src.Length);
        decrypt.Dispose();
        return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(dest); //Padding is invalid and cannot be removed. 
    }
}

ただし、次の理由で失敗します。

パディングは無効であり、削除できません。

だからBouncy Castleを試してみたいのですが、適切なサンプルコードが見つかりません。

編集

答えで提供されたコードでBouncy Castleを使用してみました。今、私はエラーが発生しています:

初期化ベクトルはブロックサイズと同じ長さでなければなりません

byte[] inputBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(s);
byte[] IV = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX");
byte[] key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX");

//Set up
AesEngine engine = new AesEngine();
CbcBlockCipher blockCipher = new CbcBlockCipher(engine);
PaddedBufferedBlockCipher cipher = new PaddedBufferedBlockCipher(blockCipher, new Pkcs7Padding());
Debug.WriteLine(IV.Length); //32
Debug.WriteLine(cipher.GetBlockSize()); //16
KeyParameter keyParam = new KeyParameter(key);
ParametersWithIV keyParamWithIv = new ParametersWithIV(keyParam, IV);


cipher.Init(true, keyParamWithIv); //Error Message thrown
byte[] outputBytes = new byte[cipher.GetOutputSize(inputBytes.Length)]; //cip
int length = cipher.ProcessBytes(inputBytes, outputBytes, 0);
cipher.DoFinal(outputBytes, length); //Do the final block
string encryptedInput = Convert.ToBase64String(outputBytes);

サーバーの長さは128です。同じ長さに強制するにはどうすればよいですか?

25
tim

ここに私が使用するスニペットがあります。デフォルトの組み込みSystem.Security.Cryptographyを使用します。 BCである必要はありません

    /// <summary>
    /// Encrypt a byte array using AES 128
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="key">128 bit key</param>
    /// <param name="secret">byte array that need to be encrypted</param>
    /// <returns>Encrypted array</returns>
    public static byte[] EncryptByteArray(byte[] key, byte[] secret)
    {
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (AesManaged cryptor = new AesManaged())
            {
                cryptor.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                cryptor.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
                cryptor.KeySize = 128;
                cryptor.BlockSize = 128;

                //We use the random generated iv created by AesManaged
                byte[] iv = cryptor.IV;

                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, cryptor.CreateEncryptor(key, iv), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(secret, 0, secret.Length);
                }
                byte[] encryptedContent = ms.ToArray();

                //Create new byte array that should contain both unencrypted iv and encrypted data
                byte[] result = new byte[iv.Length + encryptedContent.Length];

                //copy our 2 array into one
                System.Buffer.BlockCopy(iv, 0, result, 0, iv.Length);
                System.Buffer.BlockCopy(encryptedContent, 0, result, iv.Length, encryptedContent.Length);

                return result;
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Decrypt a byte array using AES 128
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="key">key in bytes</param>
    /// <param name="secret">the encrypted bytes</param>
    /// <returns>decrypted bytes</returns>
    public static byte[] DecryptByteArray(byte[] key, byte[] secret)
    {
        byte[] iv = new byte[16]; //initial vector is 16 bytes
        byte[] encryptedContent = new byte[secret.Length - 16]; //the rest should be encryptedcontent

        //Copy data to byte array
        System.Buffer.BlockCopy(secret, 0, iv, 0, iv.Length);
        System.Buffer.BlockCopy(secret, iv.Length, encryptedContent, 0, encryptedContent.Length);

        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (AesManaged cryptor = new AesManaged())
            {
                cryptor.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                cryptor.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
                cryptor.KeySize = 128;
                cryptor.BlockSize = 128;

                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, cryptor.CreateDecryptor(key, iv), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(encryptedContent, 0, encryptedContent.Length);

                }
                return ms.ToArray();
            }
        }
    }

BCが本当に必要な場合は、 https://github.com/bcgit/bc-csharp/blob/master/crypto/test/src/crypto /test/AESFastTest.cs 必要に応じて調整できます

    private static void TestBC()
    {
        //Demo params
        string keyString = "jDxESdRrcYKmSZi7IOW4lw==";   

        string input = "abc";
        byte[] inputBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(input);            
        byte[] iv = new byte[16]; //for the sake of demo

        //Set up
        AesEngine engine = new AesEngine();
        CbcBlockCipher blockCipher = new CbcBlockCipher(engine); //CBC
        PaddedBufferedBlockCipher cipher = new PaddedBufferedBlockCipher(blockCipher); //Default scheme is PKCS5/PKCS7
        KeyParameter keyParam = new KeyParameter(Convert.FromBase64String(keyString));
        ParametersWithIV keyParamWithIV = new ParametersWithIV(keyParam, iv, 0, 16);

        // Encrypt
        cipher.Init(true, keyParamWithIV);
        byte[] outputBytes = new byte[cipher.GetOutputSize(inputBytes.Length)];
        int length = cipher.ProcessBytes(inputBytes, outputBytes, 0);
        cipher.DoFinal(outputBytes, length); //Do the final block
        string encryptedInput = Convert.ToBase64String(outputBytes);

        Console.WriteLine("Encrypted string: {0}", encryptedInput);

        //Decrypt            
        cipher.Init(false, keyParamWithIV);
        byte[] comparisonBytes = new byte[cipher.GetOutputSize(outputBytes.Length)];
        length = cipher.ProcessBytes(outputBytes, comparisonBytes, 0);
        cipher.DoFinal(comparisonBytes, length); //Do the final block

        Console.WriteLine("Decrypted string: {0}",Encoding.UTF8.GetString(comparisonBytes)); //Should be abc
    }
18
Eledra Nguyen

ここにリンクの説明を入力してください

        byte[] k; //32 byte
        string para; // plaintext
        string msgRefNo; // 16byte

        byte[] inputBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(para);
        byte[] IV = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(msgRefNo);
        byte[] key = k;


        AesEngine engine = new AesEngine();
        CbcBlockCipher blockCipher = new CbcBlockCipher(engine);
        PaddedBufferedBlockCipher cipher1 = new PaddedBufferedBlockCipher(blockCipher, new Pkcs7Padding());

        KeyParameter keyParam = new KeyParameter(key);
        ParametersWithIV keyParamWithIv = new ParametersWithIV(keyParam, IV);


        cipher1.Init(true, keyParamWithIv); //Error Message thrown
        byte[] outputBytes = new byte[cipher1.GetOutputSize(inputBytes.Length)]; //cip
        int length = cipher1.ProcessBytes(inputBytes, outputBytes, 0);
        cipher1.DoFinal(outputBytes, length); //Do the final block
        string encryptedInput = Convert.ToBase64String(outputBytes);
        return encryptedInput;
0
Arun Singh