webdevqa.jp.net

HttpClientの進行状況バー

私はファイルダウンローダー機能を持っています:

        HttpClientHandler aHandler = new HttpClientHandler();
        aHandler.ClientCertificateOptions = ClientCertificateOption.Automatic;
        HttpClient aClient = new HttpClient(aHandler);
        aClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.ExpectContinue = false;
        HttpResponseMessage response = await aClient.GetAsync(url);
        InMemoryRandomAccessStream randomAccessStream = new InMemoryRandomAccessStream();

        // To save downloaded image to local storage
        var imageFile = await ApplicationData.Current.LocalFolder.CreateFileAsync(
        filename, CreationCollisionOption.ReplaceExisting);
        var fs = await imageFile.OpenAsync(FileAccessMode.ReadWrite);
        DataWriter writer = new DataWriter(fs.GetOutputStreamAt(0));

        writer.WriteBytes(await response.Content.ReadAsByteArrayAsync());

        await writer.StoreAsync();
        //current.image.SetSource(randomAccessStream);
        writer.DetachStream();
        await fs.FlushAsync();

プログレスバーの機能を実現するにはどうすればよいですか?多分私はこれまでにライターのバイトを書き込むことができますか?か何か?

P.S。サーバーからのデータが証明書を要求するため、DownloadOperation(バックグラウンド転送)を使用できません-この機能はDownloadOperationsには存在しません。

27
Cheese

最善の方法は、Windows.Web.Http.HttpClient の代わりに System.Net.Http.HttpClient。最初のものは進歩をサポートします。

ただし、何らかの理由でSystem.Netに固執する場合は、独自の進捗状況を実装する必要があります。

DataWriterを削除し、InMemoryRandomAccessStreamadd HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead to GetAsync callしたがって、応答全体が受信されたときではなく、ヘッダーが受信されるとすぐに戻ります。つまり:

// Your original code.
HttpClientHandler aHandler = new HttpClientHandler();
aHandler.ClientCertificateOptions = ClientCertificateOption.Automatic;
HttpClient aClient = new HttpClient(aHandler);
aClient.DefaultRequestHeaders.ExpectContinue = false;
HttpResponseMessage response = await aClient.GetAsync(
    url,
    HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead); // Important! ResponseHeadersRead.

// To save downloaded image to local storage
var imageFile = await ApplicationData.Current.LocalFolder.CreateFileAsync(
    filename,
    CreationCollisionOption.ReplaceExisting);
var fs = await imageFile.OpenAsync(FileAccessMode.ReadWrite);

// New code.
Stream stream = await response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync();
IInputStream inputStream = stream.AsInputStream();
ulong totalBytesRead = 0;
while (true)
{
    // Read from the web.
    IBuffer buffer = new Windows.Storage.Streams.Buffer(1024);
    buffer = await inputStream.ReadAsync(
        buffer,
        buffer.Capacity,
        InputStreamOptions.None);

    if (buffer.Length == 0)
    {
        // There is nothing else to read.
        break;
    }

    // Report progress.
    totalBytesRead += buffer.Length;
    System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine("Bytes read: {0}", totalBytesRead);

    // Write to file.
    await fs.WriteAsync(buffer);
}
inputStream.Dispose();
fs.Dispose();
23
kiewic

これは、ダウンロードを実行し、進行状況のパーセンテージを報告する自己完結型のクラスです。このコードはTheBlueSky on this SO answer 、およびeriksendcこのGitHubコメント

public class HttpClientDownloadWithProgress : IDisposable
{
    private readonly string _downloadUrl;
    private readonly string _destinationFilePath;

    private HttpClient _httpClient;

    public delegate void ProgressChangedHandler(long? totalFileSize, long totalBytesDownloaded, double? progressPercentage);

    public event ProgressChangedHandler ProgressChanged;

    public HttpClientDownloadWithProgress(string downloadUrl, string destinationFilePath)
    {
        _downloadUrl = downloadUrl;
        _destinationFilePath = destinationFilePath;
    }

    public async Task StartDownload()
    {
        _httpClient = new HttpClient { Timeout = TimeSpan.FromDays(1) };

        using (var response = await _httpClient.GetAsync(_downloadUrl, HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead))
            await DownloadFileFromHttpResponseMessage(response);
    }

    private async Task DownloadFileFromHttpResponseMessage(HttpResponseMessage response)
    {
        response.EnsureSuccessStatusCode();

        var totalBytes = response.Content.Headers.ContentLength;

        using (var contentStream = await response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync())
            await ProcessContentStream(totalBytes, contentStream);
    }

    private async Task ProcessContentStream(long? totalDownloadSize, Stream contentStream)
    {
        var totalBytesRead = 0L;
        var readCount = 0L;
        var buffer = new byte[8192];
        var isMoreToRead = true;

        using (var fileStream = new FileStream(_destinationFilePath, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.None, 8192, true))
        {
            do
            {
                var bytesRead = await contentStream.ReadAsync(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
                if (bytesRead == 0)
                {
                    isMoreToRead = false;
                    TriggerProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead);
                    continue;
                }

                await fileStream.WriteAsync(buffer, 0, bytesRead);

                totalBytesRead += bytesRead;
                readCount += 1;

                if (readCount % 100 == 0)
                    TriggerProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead);
            }
            while (isMoreToRead);
        }
    }

    private void TriggerProgressChanged(long? totalDownloadSize, long totalBytesRead)
    {
        if (ProgressChanged == null)
            return;

        double? progressPercentage = null;
        if (totalDownloadSize.HasValue)
            progressPercentage = Math.Round((double)totalBytesRead / totalDownloadSize.Value * 100, 2);

        ProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead, progressPercentage);
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
        _httpClient?.Dispose();
    }
}

使用法:

var downloadFileUrl = "http://example.com/file.Zip";
var destinationFilePath = Path.GetFullPath("file.Zip");

using (var client = new HttpClientDownloadWithProgress(downloadFileUrl, destinationFilePath))
{
    client.ProgressChanged += (totalFileSize, totalBytesDownloaded, progressPercentage) => {
        Console.WriteLine($"{progressPercentage}% ({totalBytesDownloaded}/{totalFileSize})");
    };

    await client.StartDownload();
}

結果:

7.81% (26722304/342028776)
8.05% (27535016/342028776)
8.28% (28307984/342028776)
8.5% (29086548/342028776)
8.74% (29898692/342028776)
8.98% (30704184/342028776)
9.22% (31522816/342028776)
21
René Sackers

.Net 4.5以降:IProgress<T>を使用します

.Net 4.5以降では、非同期進捗レポートを IProgress<T> インターフェースで処理できます。次のように呼び出すことができるHttpClientを使用してファイルをダウンロードするための拡張メソッドを記述できます。ここで、progressは、ポーグレスバーまたはその他のUIのIProgress<float>の実装です。

// Seting up the http client used to download the data
using (var client = new HttpClient()) {
    client.Timeout = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5);

    // Create a file stream to store the downloaded data.
    // This really can be any type of writeable stream.
    using (var file = new FileStream(filePath, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.None)) {

        // Use the custom extension method below to download the data.
        // The passed progress-instance will receive the download status updates.
        await client.DownloadAsync(DownloadUrl, file, progress, cancellationToken);
    }
}

実装

この拡張メソッドのコードは次のようになります。この拡張機能は、進行状況レポートで非同期ストリームコピーを処理するための別の拡張機能に依存していることに注意してください。

public static class HttpClientExtensions
{
    public static async Task DownloadAsync(this HttpClient client, string requestUri, Stream destination, IProgress<float> progress = null, CancellationToken cancellationToken = default) {
        // Get the http headers first to examine the content length
        using (var response = await client.GetAsync(requestUri, HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead)) {
            var contentLength = response.Content.Headers.ContentLength;

            using (var download = await response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync()) {

                // Ignore progress reporting when no progress reporter was 
                // passed or when the content length is unknown
                if (progress == null || !contentLength.HasValue) {
                    await download.CopyToAsync(destination);
                    return;
                }

                // Convert absolute progress (bytes downloaded) into relative progress (0% - 100%)
                var relativeProgress = new Progress<long>(totalBytes => progress.Report((float)totalBytes / contentLength.Value));
                // Use extension method to report progress while downloading
                await download.CopyToAsync(destination, 81920, relativeProgress, cancellationToken);
                progress.Report(1);
            }
        }
    }
}

実際の進行状況レポート用のストリーム拡張を使用:

public static class StreamExtensions
{
    public static async Task CopyToAsync(this Stream source, Stream destination, int bufferSize, IProgress<long> progress = null, CancellationToken cancellationToken = default) {
        if (source == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(source));
        if (!source.CanRead)
            throw new ArgumentException("Has to be readable", nameof(source));
        if (destination == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException(nameof(destination));
        if (!destination.CanWrite)
            throw new ArgumentException("Has to be writable", nameof(destination));
        if (bufferSize < 0)
            throw new ArgumentOutOfRangeException(nameof(bufferSize));

        var buffer = new byte[bufferSize];
        long totalBytesRead = 0;
        int bytesRead;
        while ((bytesRead = await source.ReadAsync(buffer, 0, buffer.Length, cancellationToken).ConfigureAwait(false)) != 0) {
            await destination.WriteAsync(buffer, 0, bytesRead, cancellationToken).ConfigureAwait(false);
            totalBytesRead += bytesRead;
            progress?.Report(totalBytesRead);
        }
    }
}
17
Bruno Zell

次のコードは、ダウンロードの進行状況を取得するためにHttpClient apiに対して実行する必要がある最小限の例を示しています。

HttpClient client = //...

// Must use ResponseHeadersRead to avoid buffering of the content
using (var response = await client.GetAsync(uri, HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead)){
    // You must use as stream to have control over buffering and number of bytes read/received
    using (var stream = await response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync())
    {
        // Read/process bytes from stream as appropriate

        // Calculated by you based on how many bytes you have read.  Likely incremented within a loop.
        long bytesRecieved = //...

        long? totalBytes = response.Content.Headers.ContentLength;
        double? percentComplete = (double)bytesRecieved / totalBytes;

        // Do what you want with `percentComplete`
    }
}

上記は、ストリームを処理する方法、プロセスを報告する方法、または元の質問のコードに直接的な解決策を提供しようとする方法を示していません。ただし、この回答は、コードの進歩を適用したい将来の読者にとってよりアクセスしやすい可能性があります。

3
vossad01

上記の@RenéSackersソリューションと同じですが、ダウンロードをキャンセルする機能が追加されました

class HttpClientDownloadWithProgress : IDisposable
{
    private readonly string _downloadUrl;
    private readonly string _destinationFilePath;
    private readonly CancellationToken? _cancellationToken;

    private HttpClient _httpClient;

    public delegate void ProgressChangedHandler(long? totalFileSize, long totalBytesDownloaded, double? progressPercentage);

    public event ProgressChangedHandler ProgressChanged;

    public HttpClientDownloadWithProgress(string downloadUrl, string destinationFilePath, CancellationToken? cancellationToken = null)
    {
        _downloadUrl = downloadUrl;
        _destinationFilePath = destinationFilePath;
        _cancellationToken = cancellationToken;
    }

    public async Task StartDownload()
    {
        _httpClient = new HttpClient { Timeout = TimeSpan.FromDays(1) };

        using (var response = await _httpClient.GetAsync(_downloadUrl, HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead))
            await DownloadFileFromHttpResponseMessage(response);
    }

    private async Task DownloadFileFromHttpResponseMessage(HttpResponseMessage response)
    {
        response.EnsureSuccessStatusCode();

        var totalBytes = response.Content.Headers.ContentLength;

        using (var contentStream = await response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync())
            await ProcessContentStream(totalBytes, contentStream);
    }

    private async Task ProcessContentStream(long? totalDownloadSize, Stream contentStream)
    {
        var totalBytesRead = 0L;
        var readCount = 0L;
        var buffer = new byte[8192];
        var isMoreToRead = true;

        using (var fileStream = new FileStream(_destinationFilePath, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.None, 8192, true))
        {
            do
            {
                int bytesRead;
                if (_cancellationToken.HasValue)
                {
                    bytesRead = await contentStream.ReadAsync(buffer, 0, buffer.Length, _cancellationToken.Value);
                }
                else
                {
                    bytesRead = await contentStream.ReadAsync(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
                }

                if (bytesRead == 0)
                {
                    isMoreToRead = false;
                    continue;
                }

                await fileStream.WriteAsync(buffer, 0, bytesRead);

                totalBytesRead += bytesRead;
                readCount += 1;

                if (readCount % 10 == 0)
                    TriggerProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead);
            }
            while (isMoreToRead);

        }

        //the last progress trigger should occur after the file handle has been released or you may get file locked error
        TriggerProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead);
    }

    private void TriggerProgressChanged(long? totalDownloadSize, long totalBytesRead)
    {
        if (ProgressChanged == null)
            return;

        double? progressPercentage = null;
        if (totalDownloadSize.HasValue)
            progressPercentage = Math.Round((double)totalBytesRead / totalDownloadSize.Value * 100, 2);

        ProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead, progressPercentage);
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
        _httpClient?.Dispose();
    }
}
2
Balage

ルネ・サッカーズのバージョンは素晴らしいですが、もっと良いかもしれません。具体的には、ストリームが閉じる前にTriggerProgressChangedが起動することによって引き起こされる微妙な競合状態があります。修正は、ストリームが明示的に破棄された後にイベントを発生させることです。以下のバージョンには上記の変更が含まれ、HttpClientから継承され、キャンセルトークンのサポートが追加されています。

public delegate void ProgressChangedHandler(long? totalFileSize, long totalBytesDownloaded, double? progressPercentage);

public class HttpClientWithProgress : HttpClient
{
    private readonly string _DownloadUrl;
    private readonly string _DestinationFilePath;

    public event ProgressChangedHandler ProgressChanged;

    public HttpClientWithProgress(string downloadUrl, string destinationFilePath)
    {
        _DownloadUrl = downloadUrl;
        _DestinationFilePath = destinationFilePath;
    }

    public async Task StartDownload()
    {
        using (var response = await GetAsync(_DownloadUrl, HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead))
            await DownloadFileFromHttpResponseMessage(response);
    }

    public async Task StartDownload(CancellationToken cancellationToken)
    {
        using (var response = await GetAsync(_DownloadUrl, HttpCompletionOption.ResponseHeadersRead, cancellationToken))
            await DownloadFileFromHttpResponseMessage(response);
    }

    private async Task DownloadFileFromHttpResponseMessage(HttpResponseMessage response)
    {
        response.EnsureSuccessStatusCode();
        long? totalBytes = response.Content.Headers.ContentLength;
        using (var contentStream = await response.Content.ReadAsStreamAsync())
            await ProcessContentStream(totalBytes, contentStream);
    }

    private async Task ProcessContentStream(long? totalDownloadSize, Stream contentStream)
    {
        long totalBytesRead = 0L;
        long readCount = 0L;
        byte[] buffer = new byte[8192];
        bool isMoreToRead = true;

        using (FileStream fileStream = new FileStream(_DestinationFilePath, FileMode.Create, FileAccess.Write, FileShare.None, 8192, true))
        {
            do
            {
                int bytesRead = await contentStream.ReadAsync(buffer, 0, buffer.Length);
                if (bytesRead == 0)
                {
                    isMoreToRead = false;
                    continue;
                }

                await fileStream.WriteAsync(buffer, 0, bytesRead);

                totalBytesRead += bytesRead;
                readCount += 1;

                if (readCount % 10 == 0)
                    TriggerProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead);
            }
            while (isMoreToRead);
        }
        TriggerProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead);
    }

    private void TriggerProgressChanged(long? totalDownloadSize, long totalBytesRead)
    {
        if (ProgressChanged == null)
            return;

        double? progressPercentage = null;
        if (totalDownloadSize.HasValue)
            progressPercentage = Math.Round((double)totalBytesRead / totalDownloadSize.Value * 100, 2);

        ProgressChanged(totalDownloadSize, totalBytesRead, progressPercentage);
    }
}
0
Shaun

うーん、別のスレッドで書き込み中のストリームの現在のサイズをチェックし(予想されるファイルサイズもそれに渡す)、それに応じて進行状況バーを更新することができます。

0
Rodrigo Silva