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firewall-cmd-add-forward-portが機能しない

KVMサーバー(ホスト)で複数の仮想マシン(ゲスト)を使用しています。

私の目標は、sshサービスを実行しているゲストのポート22にポート222を転送することです。

これは機能します...

iptables -I OUTPUT -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I INPUT -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -d 0.0.0.0/0 -p tcp --dport 222 -j DNAT --to-destination 10.1.0.9:22

これ機能しません...

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --direct --add-rule ipv4 filter OUTPUT 0 -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --direct --add-rule ipv4 filter FORWARD 0 -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --direct --add-rule ipv4 filter INPUT 0 -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --direct --add-rule ipv4 nat PREROUTING 0 -d 0.0.0.0/0 -p tcp --dport 222 -j DNAT --to-destination 10.1.0.9:22
firewall-cmd --reload

これも機能しません...

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-forward-port=port=222:proto=tcp:toport=22:toaddr=10.1.0.9
firewall-cmd --reload

質問:firewall-cmdで設定されたルールが機能しないのはなぜですか?

注I:firewall-cmdは、CentOS 7のデフォルトのファイアウォールサービスです。これは私には解決策のない問題のようです!私は多くのフォーラムを検索しましたが何も機能しません!これはfirewall-cmdの制限またはバグであると考え始めています...

注II:ssh自体がこれを可能にする手段を提供していることを知っていますが、このプロセスを「透過的」にしたいのですユーザーがゲストに直接アクセスするため。

[参照:https://serverfault.com/q/915257/27675https:/ /serverfault.com/q/980223/27675https://sebastianblade.com/how-to-modify-ssh-port-in-centos7/https: //www.rootusers.com/how-to-use-firewalld-rich-rules-and-zones-for-filtering-and-nat/https://www.centos.org/ forums/viewtopic.php?f = 50&t = 71454 ]


症状:

コマンド...

ssh [email protected][Host_IP] -p 222

...次のエラーを返します...

ssh:ホスト172.16.13.8ポート222に接続:接続が拒否されました


更新I:

@mwfearnley iptables-save出力...

iptables-save-WORKS ...

[[email protected] ~]# iptables-save
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [1:70]
:INPUT ACCEPT [1:70]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [2:146]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [3:206]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:POST_public - [0:0]
:POST_public_allow - [0:0]
:POST_public_deny - [0:0]
:POST_public_log - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -p tcp -m tcp --dport 222 -j DNAT --to-destination 10.1.0.9:22
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 -d 224.0.0.0/24 -j RETURN
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 -d 255.255.255.255/32 -j RETURN
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -p tcp -j MASQUERADE --to-ports 1024-65535
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -p udp -j MASQUERADE --to-ports 1024-65535
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -j MASQUERADE
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_direct
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_ZONES
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -o ens33 -g POST_public
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -o br0 -g POST_public
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -g POST_public
-A POST_public -j POST_public_log
-A POST_public -j POST_public_deny
-A POST_public -j POST_public_allow
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
*mangle
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [672:77587]
:INPUT ACCEPT [610:68993]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [58:7886]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [655:151604]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [713:159490]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
*security
:INPUT ACCEPT [609:68793]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [58:7886]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [660:152010]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
*raw
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [672:77587]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [655:151604]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD_IN_ZONES - [0:0]
:FORWARD_IN_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:FORWARD_OUT_ZONES - [0:0]
:FORWARD_OUT_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:FWDI_public - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_allow - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_deny - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_log - [0:0]
:FWDO_public - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_allow - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_deny - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_log - [0:0]
:INPUT_ZONES - [0:0]
:INPUT_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:IN_public - [0:0]
:IN_public_allow - [0:0]
:IN_public_deny - [0:0]
:IN_public_log - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
-A INPUT -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 67 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 67 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A INPUT -j INPUT_ZONES_SOURCE
-A INPUT -j INPUT_ZONES
-A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-Host-prohibited
-A FORWARD -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -d 10.1.0.0/24 -o virbr0 -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -s 10.1.0.0/24 -i virbr0 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i virbr0 -o virbr0 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -o virbr0 -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
-A FORWARD -i virbr0 -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
-A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_IN_ZONES_SOURCE
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_IN_ZONES
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_OUT_ZONES_SOURCE
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_OUT_ZONES
-A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-Host-prohibited
-A OUTPUT -j ACCEPT
-A OUTPUT -o virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 68 -j ACCEPT
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -i ens33 -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -i br0 -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -o ens33 -g FWDO_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -o br0 -g FWDO_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -g FWDO_public
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_log
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_deny
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_allow
-A FWDI_public -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_log
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_deny
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_allow
-A INPUT_ZONES -i ens33 -g IN_public
-A INPUT_ZONES -i br0 -g IN_public
-A INPUT_ZONES -g IN_public
-A IN_public -j IN_public_log
-A IN_public -j IN_public_deny
-A IN_public -j IN_public_allow
-A IN_public -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A IN_public_allow -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:17 2019

iptables-save-DO N'T WORK ...

[[email protected] ~]# iptables-save
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [1:72]
:INPUT ACCEPT [1:72]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [5:371]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [5:371]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:POST_public - [0:0]
:POST_public_allow - [0:0]
:POST_public_deny - [0:0]
:POST_public_log - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 -d 224.0.0.0/24 -j RETURN
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 -d 255.255.255.255/32 -j RETURN
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -p tcp -j MASQUERADE --to-ports 1024-65535
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -p udp -j MASQUERADE --to-ports 1024-65535
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -j MASQUERADE
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_direct
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_ZONES
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -o ens33 -g POST_public
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -o br0 -g POST_public
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -g POST_public
-A POST_public -j POST_public_log
-A POST_public -j POST_public_deny
-A POST_public -j POST_public_allow
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_direct -p tcp -m tcp --dport 222 -j DNAT --to-destination 10.1.0.9:22
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
*mangle
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [12:1319]
:INPUT ACCEPT [11:1259]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [1:60]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [12:1070]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [12:1070]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
*security
:INPUT ACCEPT [11:1259]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [12:1070]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
*raw
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [12:1319]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [12:1070]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD_IN_ZONES - [0:0]
:FORWARD_IN_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:FORWARD_OUT_ZONES - [0:0]
:FORWARD_OUT_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:FWDI_public - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_allow - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_deny - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_log - [0:0]
:FWDO_public - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_allow - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_deny - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_log - [0:0]
:INPUT_ZONES - [0:0]
:INPUT_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:IN_public - [0:0]
:IN_public_allow - [0:0]
:IN_public_deny - [0:0]
:IN_public_log - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 67 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 67 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A INPUT -j INPUT_ZONES_SOURCE
-A INPUT -j INPUT_ZONES
-A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-Host-prohibited
-A FORWARD -d 10.1.0.0/24 -o virbr0 -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -s 10.1.0.0/24 -i virbr0 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i virbr0 -o virbr0 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -o virbr0 -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
-A FORWARD -i virbr0 -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
-A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_IN_ZONES_SOURCE
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_IN_ZONES
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_OUT_ZONES_SOURCE
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_OUT_ZONES
-A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-Host-prohibited
-A OUTPUT -o virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 68 -j ACCEPT
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -i ens33 -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -i br0 -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -o ens33 -g FWDO_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -o br0 -g FWDO_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -g FWDO_public
-A FORWARD_direct -j ACCEPT
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_log
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_deny
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_allow
-A FWDI_public -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_log
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_deny
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_allow
-A INPUT_ZONES -i ens33 -g IN_public
-A INPUT_ZONES -i br0 -g IN_public
-A INPUT_ZONES -g IN_public
-A INPUT_direct -j ACCEPT
-A IN_public -j IN_public_log
-A IN_public -j IN_public_deny
-A IN_public -j IN_public_allow
-A IN_public -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A IN_public_allow -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
-A OUTPUT_direct -j ACCEPT
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:16 2019

iptables-save-動作しない...

[[email protected] ~]# iptables-save
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [5:371]
:INPUT ACCEPT [1:67]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [2:134]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [2:134]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:POST_public - [0:0]
:POST_public_allow - [0:0]
:POST_public_deny - [0:0]
:POST_public_log - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 -d 224.0.0.0/24 -j RETURN
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 -d 255.255.255.255/32 -j RETURN
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -p tcp -j MASQUERADE --to-ports 1024-65535
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -p udp -j MASQUERADE --to-ports 1024-65535
-A POSTROUTING -s 10.1.0.0/24 ! -d 10.1.0.0/24 -j MASQUERADE
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_direct
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_ZONES
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -o ens33 -g POST_public
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -o br0 -g POST_public
-A POSTROUTING_ZONES -g POST_public
-A POST_public -j POST_public_log
-A POST_public -j POST_public_deny
-A POST_public -j POST_public_allow
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
-A PRE_public_allow -p tcp -m mark --mark 0x64 -j DNAT --to-destination 10.1.0.9:22
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
*mangle
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [17:1649]
:INPUT ACCEPT [12:1285]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [5:364]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [10:3037]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [14:3341]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:POSTROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A POSTROUTING -j POSTROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
-A PRE_public_allow -p tcp -m tcp --dport 222 -j MARK --set-xmark 0x64/0xffffffff
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
*security
:INPUT ACCEPT [12:1285]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [4:304]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [10:3037]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
*raw
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [17:1649]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [10:3037]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:PREROUTING_direct - [0:0]
:PRE_public - [0:0]
:PRE_public_allow - [0:0]
:PRE_public_deny - [0:0]
:PRE_public_log - [0:0]
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_direct
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES_SOURCE
-A PREROUTING -j PREROUTING_ZONES
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i ens33 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -i br0 -g PRE_public
-A PREROUTING_ZONES -g PRE_public
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_log
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_deny
-A PRE_public -j PRE_public_allow
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [8:2813]
:FORWARD_IN_ZONES - [0:0]
:FORWARD_IN_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:FORWARD_OUT_ZONES - [0:0]
:FORWARD_OUT_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:FORWARD_direct - [0:0]
:FWDI_public - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_allow - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_deny - [0:0]
:FWDI_public_log - [0:0]
:FWDO_public - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_allow - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_deny - [0:0]
:FWDO_public_log - [0:0]
:INPUT_ZONES - [0:0]
:INPUT_ZONES_SOURCE - [0:0]
:INPUT_direct - [0:0]
:IN_public - [0:0]
:IN_public_allow - [0:0]
:IN_public_deny - [0:0]
:IN_public_log - [0:0]
:OUTPUT_direct - [0:0]
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 67 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i virbr0 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 67 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -j INPUT_direct
-A INPUT -j INPUT_ZONES_SOURCE
-A INPUT -j INPUT_ZONES
-A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-Host-prohibited
-A FORWARD -d 10.1.0.0/24 -o virbr0 -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -s 10.1.0.0/24 -i virbr0 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i virbr0 -o virbr0 -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -o virbr0 -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
-A FORWARD -i virbr0 -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
-A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_direct
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_IN_ZONES_SOURCE
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_IN_ZONES
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_OUT_ZONES_SOURCE
-A FORWARD -j FORWARD_OUT_ZONES
-A FORWARD -m conntrack --ctstate INVALID -j DROP
-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-Host-prohibited
-A OUTPUT -o virbr0 -p udp -m udp --dport 68 -j ACCEPT
-A OUTPUT -j OUTPUT_direct
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -i ens33 -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -i br0 -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_IN_ZONES -g FWDI_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -o ens33 -g FWDO_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -o br0 -g FWDO_public
-A FORWARD_OUT_ZONES -g FWDO_public
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_log
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_deny
-A FWDI_public -j FWDI_public_allow
-A FWDI_public -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A FWDI_public_allow -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -m mark --mark 0x64 -j ACCEPT
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_log
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_deny
-A FWDO_public -j FWDO_public_allow
-A INPUT_ZONES -i ens33 -g IN_public
-A INPUT_ZONES -i br0 -g IN_public
-A INPUT_ZONES -g IN_public
-A IN_public -j IN_public_log
-A IN_public -j IN_public_deny
-A IN_public -j IN_public_allow
-A IN_public -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A IN_public_allow -p tcp -m tcp --dport 22 -m conntrack --ctstate NEW -j ACCEPT
COMMIT
# Completed on Thu Aug 22 11:59:36 2019

更新II:

「作品」のFORWARDの最初のルールはACCEPTです。これにより、すべてのパケットを転送できます。他の人はDNATされたパケットを受け入れるためのルールを持っていますが、チェーンの後半で。だから...これがなぜ機能するのかを見つければ、問題を解決できるかもしれません...

iptables -I FORWARD -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-forward-port=port=222:proto=tcp:toport=22:toaddr=10.1.0.9
firewall-cmd --reload

...そしてなぜこれがではない...

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --direct --add-rule ipv4 filter FORWARD 0 -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-forward-port=port=222:proto=tcp:toport=22:toaddr=10.1.0.9
firewall-cmd --reload
3
Eduardo Lucio

実際の問題:

コマンド...

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --direct --add-rule ipv4 filter FORWARD 0 -d 0.0.0.0/0 -j ACCEPT
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-forward-port=port=222:proto=tcp:toport=22:toaddr=10.1.0.9
firewall-cmd --reload

「UPDATE II」で説明されているように、firewalld(CentOS 7で使用)と同様に機能します。

問題はKVM(libvirt)にあります。これは、「ネットワーク」virbr0の起動時にルール(おそらくfirewalldを介して)を挿入し、firewall-cmdを使用する従来の方法によるポート転送の試み(最初の一致の原則)を防止します。 。KVM挿入された(libvirt)ルールは、通常のファイアウォールルールセットの前に、FORWARDおよびPOSTROUTINGの最上部にあります。netfilterは最初の一致原理で動作するので、これらのルールです。

解決策:

KVM(libvirt)によってファイアウォールに挿入されたルールによって生成された問題のため、ソリューションは、以下で説明するlibvirt-hook-qemuと呼ばれるハック/回避策を使用します...

Libvirt-hook-qemuをダウンロードしてインストールします...

yum -y install git-core
cd /usr/local/src
git clone https://github.com/saschpe/libvirt-hook-qemu.git
cd libvirt-hook-qemu
make install
cd ..
rm -rf libvirt-hook-qemu

仮想マシン(ゲスト)を一覧表示します...

virsh list --all

...そして、ターゲット仮想マシンの名前をコピーします。

仮想マシンをオフにします...

virsh shutdown "<VM_NAME>" --mode acpi

ファイル「hooks.json」を開き、その内容を削除します...

vi /etc/libvirt/hooks/hooks.json

...以下のテンプレートとしてルールを入力します(他の設定方法も可能です)...

{
    "<VM_NAME>": {
        "interface": "virbr0",
        "private_ip": "<VM_IP>",
        "port_map": {
            "tcp": [[<PORT_ON_Host>, <PORT_ON_GUEST>]]
        }
    }
}

Libvirtdを再起動します...

systemctl restart libvirtd.service

...そして仮想マシンを起動します...

virsh start "<VM_NAME>"

できた! = D


さらに:

これはKVM(libvirt)動作-ポート転送の試行を防ぐルールを挿入するものです-ホスト上にポート転送がないため、仮想マシンはデフォルトのネットワーク(virbr0)で到達可能であり、2番目に、ハック/回避策(または、ブラジル= Dで「gato」/「gambiarra」と呼ぶため)を使用する必要があるためです。

私たちの見解では、インフラストラクチャを構築する方法をユーザーに課す意味はありません...これは意味がありません!端的に言えば、他の主要なハイパーバイザーと同様に、これらの設定がオプション(ルールを挿入...)であることが最善だと思います。さらに進んでいきます... KVM(libvirt)がこの種のものを制御する場合は、ポートを仮想マシンにマップする方法も提供する必要があります。

KVM(libvirt)is a[〜#〜] great [〜#〜]ツール、ただしすべてのユーザーがホストマシンのネットワークに直接マシンを配置することを希望しているわけではありません-すべてのユーザーがデフォルトのネットワーク( virbr0)オファー。

ありがとう!

[Refs.: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=84681https://libvirt.org/firewall.htmlhttps://libvirt.org/formatnetwork.html#examplesRoutehttps://saschpe.wordpress.com/2014/03/06/dynamic-iptables-port-forwarding-for-nat-ed-libvirt-networks /https://serverfault.com/q/170079/27675https://serverfault.com/q/915257/27675https://wiki.libvirt.org/page/VirtualNetworking#Routed_modehttps: //www.centos.org/forums/viewtopic.php?f=50&t=71454&sid=7f5190a29eebbf755235ec3dc404a47fhttps://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/kvm-forward-ports-to-guests -vm-with-ufw-on-linux / ]


UPDATE:

ポート転送の試みを防ぐルールを挿入します

->現在のアップストリームKVM(libvirt)が問題を解決しました!

これを見てください:... KVM(libvirt)の現在の上流)が問題を解決しました ...

5
Eduardo Lucio