webdevqa.jp.net

Googleの "define:"をAPI経由で?

「define:[phrase]」のようなGoogleの特別な機能を使用した検索結果を取得したいのですが、これに関する関連情報が見つからないようです。

結果ページを手動でこすることなく、JSON形式でデータを取得できる場所(他のGoogleのAPIなど)を知っている人はいますか?

ありがとう、エリ

54
Eli

私はこれに対する報奨金を設定しなかったと思います。数日後に答えを見つけたので、それは本当に簡単です。

loveの定義が必要な場合に呼び出すURLは次のとおりです。

http://www.google.com/dictionary/json?callback=a&sl=en&tl=en&q=love

次の内容のJSONPを含む応答ストリームを取得します(学習のために「整然とした」、APIはすべて1行で返します)。

a(
    {
       "query":"love",
       "sourceLanguage":"en",
       "targetLanguage":"en",
       "primaries":[
          {
             "type":"headword",
             "terms":[
                {
                   "type":"text",
                   "text":"love",
                   "language":"en",
                   "labels":[
                      {
                         "text":"Noun",
                         "title":"Part-of-speech"
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"phonetic",
                   "text":"/ləv/",
                   "language":"und"
                },
                {
                   "type":"sound",
                   "text":"http://www.gstatic.com/dictionary/static/sounds/de/0/love.mp3",
                   "language":"und"
                }
             ],
             "entries":[
                {
                   "type":"related",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"loves",
                         "language":"und",
                         "labels":[
                            {
                               "text":"plural"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"An intense feeling of deep affection",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"babies fill parents with intense feelings of \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"their \x3cb\x3e\x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e for\x3c/b\x3e their country",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"A deep romantic or sexual attachment to someone",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"it was \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e at first sight",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"they were both \x3cb\x3ein \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e with\x3c/b\x3e her",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"we were slowly \x3cb\x3efalling in \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e\x3c/b\x3e",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"A personified figure of \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e, often represented as Cupid",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"A great interest and pleasure in something",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"his \x3cb\x3e\x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e for\x3c/b\x3e football",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"we share a \x3cb\x3e\x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e of\x3c/b\x3e music",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"Affectionate greetings conveyed to someone on one\x27s behalf",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"A formula for ending an affectionate letter",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"take care, lots of \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e, Judy",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"A person or thing that one \x3cem\x3eloves\x3c/em\x3e",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"she was \x3cb\x3ethe \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e of his life\x3c/b\x3e",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"their two great \x3cem\x3eloves\x3c/em\x3e are tobacco and whiskey",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"A friendly form of address",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"it\x27s all right, \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"Used to express affectionate approval for someone",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"don\x27t fret, there\x27s a \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"(in tennis, squash, and some other sports) A score of zero; nil",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"\x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e fifteen",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"he was down two sets to \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                }
             ]
          },
          {
             "type":"headword",
             "terms":[
                {
                   "type":"text",
                   "text":"love",
                   "language":"en",
                   "labels":[
                      {
                         "text":"Verb",
                         "title":"Part-of-speech"
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"phonetic",
                   "text":"/ləv/",
                   "language":"und"
                },
                {
                   "type":"sound",
                   "text":"http://www.gstatic.com/dictionary/static/sounds/de/0/love.mp3",
                   "language":"und"
                }
             ],
             "entries":[
                {
                   "type":"related",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"loved",
                         "language":"und",
                         "labels":[
                            {
                               "text":"past participle"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"loves",
                         "language":"und",
                         "labels":[
                            {
                               "text":"3rd person singular present"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"loving",
                         "language":"und",
                         "labels":[
                            {
                               "text":"present participle"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"loved",
                         "language":"und",
                         "labels":[
                            {
                               "text":"past tense"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"Feel a deep romantic or sexual attachment to (someone)",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"do you \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e me?",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                },
                {
                   "type":"meaning",
                   "terms":[
                      {
                         "type":"text",
                         "text":"Like very much; find pleasure in",
                         "language":"en"
                      }
                   ],
                   "entries":[
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"I\x27d \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e a cup of tea, thanks",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"I just \x3cem\x3elove\x3c/em\x3e dancing",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      },
                      {
                         "type":"example",
                         "terms":[
                            {
                               "type":"text",
                               "text":"a fun-\x3cem\x3eloving\x3c/em\x3e girl",
                               "language":"en"
                            }
                         ]
                      }
                   ]
                }
             ]
          }
       ]
    }
,200,null)

Google Dictionary APIは、コールバック関数(JSONP)の形式で戻ります。関数呼び出し内でJSONを処理する前に、コールバック関数データを取り除く必要があります。

つまり、最初の{より前のすべてと最後の}より後のすべてを削除します。

これで完了です!これが必要なすべての情報であり、Googleでdefine loveを検索しても、基本的には同じです(実際には少し多くの情報です)。

35
Adrian Carneiro
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import  requests
Word = "democracy"
url = 'https://www.google.co.in/search?q=define%20' + Word + '#cns=1'
response = requests.get(url, headers={"user-agent":"Mozilla/5.0(Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10.12; rv:49.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/49.0"})
html = response.content
final_soup = BeautifulSoup(html,"html5lib")
everyThing = final_soup.select("div._Jig")
for line in everyThing:
    print("-",line.text)

このスクリプトは、Googleから単語の定義を取得するために作成しました。それが役に立てば幸いですが、APIを使用していません。

7
Ajay Choudhary