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Apache localhost /〜username /が機能していません

UPDATE:次の回答はEl Capitanでも機能します。

始めたばかりの人のために、下記のファイルは/ etc/Apache2の下にあります

以下の回答では、変更する必要があるファイルは/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.confです。

オリジナル

だから、最近Mac OS X Yosemiteにアップグレードしたばかりで、Apacheを再度セットアップする必要があります。/user/kevinの下にフォルダー「Sites」を作成し、ファイル許可を777に変更し、以前と同様に/etc/Apache2/httpd.confのphp5module行のコメントを外します。

localhostは動作していますが、localhost /〜kevin /から「要求されたURL /〜kevin /がこのサーバーで見つかりませんでした」というメッセージが表示されます。

誰かがそれを見る必要がある場合のために、これが私のhttpd.confファイルです。もし誰かが間違っているなら、誰かがhttpd.confファイルを投稿できるので感謝します。そうすればそれを回復してもう一度やり直すことができます。

#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file.  It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:http://httpd.Apache.org/docs/2.4/> for detailed information.
# In particular, see 
# <URL:http://httpd.Apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/directives.html>
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do.  They're here only as hints or reminders.  If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.  
#
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path.  If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/access_log"
# with ServerRoot set to "/usr/local/Apache2" will be interpreted by the
# server as "/usr/local/Apache2/logs/access_log", whereas "/logs/access_log" 
# will be interpreted as '/logs/access_log'.

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path.  If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to specify a local disk on the
# Mutex directive, if file-based mutexes are used.  If you wish to share the
# same ServerRoot for multiple httpd daemons, you will need to change at
# least PidFile.
#
ServerRoot "/usr"

#
# Mutex: Allows you to set the mutex mechanism and mutex file directory
# for individual mutexes, or change the global defaults
#
# Uncomment and change the directory if mutexes are file-based and the default
# mutex file directory is not on a local disk or is not appropriate for some
# other reason.
#
# Mutex default:/private/var/run

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to 
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses.
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80

#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
LoadModule authn_file_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authn_file.so
#LoadModule authn_dbm_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authn_dbm.so
#LoadModule authn_anon_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authn_anon.so
#LoadModule authn_dbd_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authn_dbd.so
#LoadModule authn_socache_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authn_socache.so
LoadModule authn_core_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authn_core.so
LoadModule authz_Host_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authz_Host.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_user_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authz_user.so
#LoadModule authz_dbm_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authz_dbm.so
#LoadModule authz_owner_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authz_owner.so
#LoadModule authz_dbd_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authz_dbd.so
LoadModule authz_core_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authz_core.so
#LoadModule authnz_ldap_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authnz_ldap.so
LoadModule access_compat_module libexec/Apache2/mod_access_compat.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module libexec/Apache2/mod_auth_basic.so
#LoadModule auth_form_module libexec/Apache2/mod_auth_form.so
#LoadModule auth_digest_module libexec/Apache2/mod_auth_digest.so
#LoadModule allowmethods_module libexec/Apache2/mod_allowmethods.so
#LoadModule file_cache_module libexec/Apache2/mod_file_cache.so
#LoadModule cache_module libexec/Apache2/mod_cache.so
#LoadModule cache_disk_module libexec/Apache2/mod_cache_disk.so
#LoadModule cache_socache_module libexec/Apache2/mod_cache_socache.so
#LoadModule socache_shmcb_module libexec/Apache2/mod_socache_shmcb.so
#LoadModule socache_dbm_module libexec/Apache2/mod_socache_dbm.so
#LoadModule socache_memcache_module libexec/Apache2/mod_socache_memcache.so
#LoadModule watchdog_module libexec/Apache2/mod_watchdog.so
#LoadModule macro_module libexec/Apache2/mod_macro.so
#LoadModule dbd_module libexec/Apache2/mod_dbd.so
#LoadModule dumpio_module libexec/Apache2/mod_dumpio.so
#LoadModule echo_module libexec/Apache2/mod_echo.so
#LoadModule buffer_module libexec/Apache2/mod_buffer.so
#LoadModule data_module libexec/Apache2/mod_data.so
#LoadModule ratelimit_module libexec/Apache2/mod_ratelimit.so
LoadModule reqtimeout_module libexec/Apache2/mod_reqtimeout.so
#LoadModule ext_filter_module libexec/Apache2/mod_ext_filter.so
#LoadModule request_module libexec/Apache2/mod_request.so
#LoadModule include_module libexec/Apache2/mod_include.so
LoadModule filter_module libexec/Apache2/mod_filter.so
#LoadModule reflector_module libexec/Apache2/mod_reflector.so
#LoadModule substitute_module libexec/Apache2/mod_substitute.so
#LoadModule sed_module libexec/Apache2/mod_sed.so
#LoadModule charset_lite_module libexec/Apache2/mod_charset_lite.so
#LoadModule deflate_module libexec/Apache2/mod_deflate.so
#LoadModule xml2enc_module libexec/Apache2/mod_xml2enc.so
#LoadModule proxy_html_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_html.so
LoadModule mime_module libexec/Apache2/mod_mime.so
#LoadModule ldap_module libexec/Apache2/mod_ldap.so
LoadModule log_config_module libexec/Apache2/mod_log_config.so
#LoadModule log_debug_module libexec/Apache2/mod_log_debug.so
#LoadModule log_forensic_module libexec/Apache2/mod_log_forensic.so
#LoadModule logio_module libexec/Apache2/mod_logio.so
LoadModule env_module libexec/Apache2/mod_env.so
#LoadModule mime_magic_module libexec/Apache2/mod_mime_magic.so
#LoadModule expires_module libexec/Apache2/mod_expires.so
LoadModule headers_module libexec/Apache2/mod_headers.so
#LoadModule usertrack_module libexec/Apache2/mod_usertrack.so
#LoadModule unique_id_module libexec/Apache2/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule setenvif_module libexec/Apache2/mod_setenvif.so
LoadModule version_module libexec/Apache2/mod_version.so
#LoadModule remoteip_module libexec/Apache2/mod_remoteip.so
LoadModule proxy_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy.so
LoadModule proxy_connect_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_connect.so
LoadModule proxy_ftp_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_ftp.so
LoadModule proxy_http_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_http.so
LoadModule proxy_fcgi_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_fcgi.so
LoadModule proxy_scgi_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_scgi.so
#LoadModule proxy_fdpass_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_fdpass.so
LoadModule proxy_wstunnel_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_wstunnel.so
LoadModule proxy_ajp_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_ajp.so
LoadModule proxy_balancer_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_balancer.so
LoadModule proxy_express_module libexec/Apache2/mod_proxy_express.so
#LoadModule session_module libexec/Apache2/mod_session.so
#LoadModule session_cookie_module libexec/Apache2/mod_session_cookie.so
#LoadModule session_dbd_module libexec/Apache2/mod_session_dbd.so
LoadModule slotmem_shm_module libexec/Apache2/mod_slotmem_shm.so
#LoadModule slotmem_plain_module libexec/Apache2/mod_slotmem_plain.so
#LoadModule ssl_module libexec/Apache2/mod_ssl.so
#LoadModule dialup_module libexec/Apache2/mod_dialup.so
LoadModule lbmethod_byrequests_module libexec/Apache2/mod_lbmethod_byrequests.so
LoadModule lbmethod_bytraffic_module libexec/Apache2/mod_lbmethod_bytraffic.so
LoadModule lbmethod_bybusyness_module libexec/Apache2/mod_lbmethod_bybusyness.so
#LoadModule lbmethod_heartbeat_module libexec/Apache2/mod_lbmethod_heartbeat.so
LoadModule unixd_module libexec/Apache2/mod_unixd.so
#LoadModule heartbeat_module libexec/Apache2/mod_heartbeat.so
#LoadModule heartmonitor_module libexec/Apache2/mod_heartmonitor.so
#LoadModule dav_module libexec/Apache2/mod_dav.so
LoadModule status_module libexec/Apache2/mod_status.so
LoadModule autoindex_module libexec/Apache2/mod_autoindex.so
#LoadModule asis_module libexec/Apache2/mod_asis.so
#LoadModule info_module libexec/Apache2/mod_info.so
#LoadModule cgi_module libexec/Apache2/mod_cgi.so
#LoadModule dav_fs_module libexec/Apache2/mod_dav_fs.so
#LoadModule dav_lock_module libexec/Apache2/mod_dav_lock.so
#LoadModule vhost_alias_module libexec/Apache2/mod_vhost_alias.so
LoadModule negotiation_module libexec/Apache2/mod_negotiation.so
LoadModule dir_module libexec/Apache2/mod_dir.so
#LoadModule imagemap_module libexec/Apache2/mod_imagemap.so
#LoadModule actions_module libexec/Apache2/mod_actions.so
#LoadModule speling_module libexec/Apache2/mod_speling.so
#LoadModule userdir_module libexec/Apache2/mod_userdir.so
LoadModule alias_module libexec/Apache2/mod_alias.so
#LoadModule rewrite_module libexec/Apache2/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule php5_module libexec/Apache2/libphp5.so
#LoadModule hfs_Apple_module libexec/Apache2/mod_hfs_Apple.so

<IfModule unixd_module>
#
# If you wish httpd to run as a different user or group, you must run
# httpd as root initially and it will switch.  
#
# User/Group: The name (or #number) of the user/group to run httpd as.
# It is usually good practice to create a dedicated user and group for
# running httpd, as with most system services.
#
User _www
Group _www

</IfModule>

# 'Main' server configuration
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition.  These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual Host being defined.
#

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed.  This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents.  e.g. [email protected]
#
ServerAdmin [email protected]

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#
# If your Host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
#
#ServerName www.example.com:80

#
# Deny access to the entirety of your server's filesystem. You must
# explicitly permit access to web content directories in other 
# <Directory> blocks below.
#
<Directory />
    AllowOverride none
    Require all denied
</Directory>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#
DocumentRoot "/Library/WebServer/Documents"
<Directory "/Library/WebServer/Documents">
    #
    # Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
    # or any combination of:
    #   Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
    #
    # Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
    # doesn't give it to you.
    #
    # The Options directive is both complicated and important.  Please see
    # http://httpd.Apache.org/docs/2.4/mod/core.html#options
    # for more information.
    #
    Options FollowSymLinks Multiviews
    MultiviewsMatch Any

    #
    # AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
    # It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
    #   AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
    #
    AllowOverride None

    #
    # Controls who can get stuff from this server.
    #
    Require all granted
</Directory>

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.html
</IfModule>

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being 
# viewed by Web clients. 
#
<FilesMatch "^\.([Hh][Tt]|[Dd][Ss]_[Ss])">
    Require all denied
</FilesMatch>

#
# Apple specific filesystem protection.
#
<Files "rsrc">
    Require all denied
</Files>
<DirectoryMatch ".*\.\.namedfork">
    Require all denied
</DirectoryMatch>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual Host will be
# logged here.  If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that Host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
ErrorLog "/private/var/log/Apache2/error_log"

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

<IfModule log_config_module>
    #
    # The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
    # a CustomLog directive (see below).
    #
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
    LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common

    <IfModule logio_module>
      # You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
      LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\" %I %O" combinedio
    </IfModule>

    #
    # The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
    # If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
    # container, they will be logged here.  Contrariwise, if you *do*
    # define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
    # logged therein and *not* in this file.
    #
CustomLog "/private/var/log/Apache2/access_log" common

    #
    # If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
    # (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
    #
    #CustomLog "/private/var/log/Apache2/access_log" combined
</IfModule>

<IfModule alias_module>
    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar

    #
    # Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
    # access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
    # Example:
    # Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
    #
    # If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
    # require it to be present in the URL.  You will also likely
    # need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
    # the filesystem path.

    #
    # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts. 
    # ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
    # documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
    # run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
    # client.  The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
    # directives as to Alias.
    #
    ScriptAliasMatch ^/cgi-bin/((?!(?i:webobjects)).*$) "/Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables/$1"

</IfModule>

<IfModule cgid_module>
    #
    # ScriptSock: On threaded servers, designate the path to the UNIX
    # socket used to communicate with the CGI daemon of mod_cgid.
    #
    #Scriptsock cgisock
</IfModule>

#
# "/Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
<Directory "/Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Require all granted
</Directory>

<IfModule mime_module>
    #
    # TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
    # filename extension to MIME-type.
    #
    TypesConfig /private/etc/Apache2/mime.types

    #
    # AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
    # file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
    #
    #AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
    #
    # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
    # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
    #
    #AddEncoding x-compress .Z
    #AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
    #
    # If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
    # probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
    #
    AddType application/x-compress .Z
    AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

    #
    # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
    # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
    # or added with the Action directive (see below)
    #
    # To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
    # (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

    # For type maps (negotiated resources):
    #AddHandler type-map var

    #
    # Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
    #
    # To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
    # (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
    #
    #AddType text/html .shtml
    #AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml
</IfModule>

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type.  The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile /private/etc/Apache2/magic

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402 http://www.example.com/subscription_info.html
#

#
# MaxRanges: Maximum number of Ranges in a request before
# returning the entire resource, or one of the special
# values 'default', 'none' or 'unlimited'.
# Default setting is to accept 200 Ranges.
#MaxRanges unlimited

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it, 
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall may be used to deliver
# files.  This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted 
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
# Defaults: EnableMMAP On, EnableSendfile Off
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile on

TraceEnable off

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the /private/etc/Apache2/extra/ directory can be 
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of 
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as 
# necessary.

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

# Multi-language error messages
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

# Fancy directory listings
Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

# Language settings
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-languages.conf

# User home directories
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-info.conf

# Virtual hosts
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-manual.conf

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-dav.conf

# Various default settings
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-default.conf

# Configure mod_proxy_html to understand HTML4/XHTML1
<IfModule proxy_html_module>
Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/proxy-html.conf
</IfModule>

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
#       starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
#       but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>

Include /private/etc/Apache2/other/*.conf

#
# uncomment out the below to deal with user agents that deliberately
# violate open standards by misusing DNT (DNT *must* be a specific
# end-user choice)
#
#<IfModule setenvif_module>
#BrowserMatch "MSIE 10.0;" bad_DNT
#</IfModule>
#<IfModule headers_module>
#RequestHeader unset DNT env=bad_DNT
#</IfModule>

男はこれが長い…。

94
CocoHot

次のコメントを外す必要があるようです:

#LoadModule userdir_module libexec/Apache2/mod_userdir.so

そして

#Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

次に、httpd-userdir.confでコメント解除する必要がある場合があります。

#Include /private/etc/Apache2/users/*.conf

最後に、/ private/etc/Apache2/users/kevin.confが存在しない場合は作成する必要があります。私はそれが次のように見えるはずだと思う:

<Directory "/Users/kevin/Sites/">
  Options Indexes MultiViews
  AllowOverride None
  Require all granted
</Directory>

後でApacheサーバーを再起動してください:

Sudo apachectl restart
180
Dan

他のリソースや投稿がどれも機能しない理由を疑問に思ったのと同じくらい時間を費やした希少な人のために...これはあなたのためです。私は6時間(職場で)この許可の問題を完全に解決することに専念しましたが、これが私の解決策でした。 :この問題を解決するために最初に着手したとき、(Chromeで)localhostにアクセスして、It Works!の目的の出力を取得できました。ですから、先に進む前に少なくともそこまで到達できることを確認してください。


私はOS X Yosemiteを実行しているRetina Macbook Pro(mid-2014)でPHP v5.5.14を使用しています(Appleの最近のEl Capitan更新し、解決策であることを確認しました!)。私の問題は、localhost/~userDirName/にアクセスしようとするたびに許可が拒否されることを示す403 ERRORを受け取ったことです。私のソリューションには、3つの簡単な手順が含まれます。

ステップ#1:

/etc/Apache2/httpd.confで次の2行を見つけて、userdirモジュールをロードし、先頭のハッシュを削除してコメントを外します():

LoadModule userdir_module libexec/Apache2/mod_userdir.so
Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

ステップ#2:

/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.confに移動し、次の行のコメントを解除します(手順1と同じ方法で):

Include /private/etc/Apache2/users/*.conf

ステップ#3:

/etc/Apache2/users/fileYouMade.confを編集します。オプション固有の各引数の前にRequire localおよび+文字を追加する必要があります。結果は次のようになります。

<Directory "/Users/user/Sites/">
    Options +Indexes +MultiViews +FollowSymLinks +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch +ExecCGI
    AllowOverride All
    Require local
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>
80
James

これは、os xをアップグレードするたびにこれを行う方法にうんざりしているので、私が書いたスクリプトです。

#!/bin/sh

# edit httpd.conf to allow home directories.
# some day just rip out httpd and replace with nginx

bin=$(basename "${0}")
conf="/etc/Apache2/httpd.conf"

if [ $(id -u) -ne 0 ]
then
  echo "ERROR: ${bin} must run as root. goodbye."
  exit 1
fi

# make backup file
n=1
while [ -f "${conf}.bak.${n}" ]
do
  let n=${n}+1
done
cp "${conf}" "${conf}.bak.${n}"

# edit httpd.conf in place - uncomment out two lines
sed -i ''                                                                 \
    -e '/^#.*[[:space:]]userdir_module[[:space:]]/s/^#*//'                \
    -e '/#Include \/private\/etc\/Apache2\/extra\/httpd-userdir.conf/s/^#//'   \
    "${conf}"

echo "INFO: ${bin}:"
echo "INFO: ${bin}: check that this looks OK"
echo "INFO: ${bin}: % cat /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf"
echo "INFO: ${bin}:"
cat /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf
echo "INFO: ${bin}:"
echo "INFO: ${bin}: in particular, that '/private/etc/Apache2/users/*.conf' files look OK"
ls /private/etc/Apache2/users/*.conf
echo "INFO: ${bin}:"
echo "INFO: ${bin}: hint: check for /private/etc/Apache2/users/${Sudo_USER}.conf"
if [ -f "/private/etc/Apache2/users/${Sudo_USER}.conf" ]
then
  echo "INFO: ${bin}: /private/etc/Apache2/users/${Sudo_USER}.conf exists. See if it is OK."
else
  echo "INFO: ${bin}: /private/etc/Apache2/users/${Sudo_USER}.conf does NOT exist."
fi  
echo "INFO: ${bin}:"
echo "INFO: ${bin}: here is a sample conf file (with php and Perl enabled)."
echo "INFO: ${bin}:"
cat<<!
<Directory "/Users/${Sudo_USER}/Sites/">
  Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
  AllowOverride All
  Order allow,deny
  Allow from all
  Require all granted
  Options +ExecCGI
  AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl
</Directory>
!
echo "INFO: ${bin}:"
echo "INFO: ${bin}: restarting Apache httpd"
Sudo apachectl restart
echo "INFO: ${bin}:"
7
keithpjolley

プロジェクトへのパスを使用する場合、user3814420からの回答は正しいです。

しかし、仮想ホストを使用しているときに、まだ私が抱えているような問題がある場合:

仮想ホストに関する注意点の1つは、一度セットアップすると、以前に/ LIbrary/WebServer/Documentsで以前のドキュメントルートを失うか、localhostのブラウザーでアクセスすると、403 Forbidden Errorが発生することです。ただし、〜/ usernameドキュメントルートには互換性があります。

これを回避するには、localhostのvhostを追加し、同じvhostで他のいずれかの前にこのvhostを宣言する必要があります。

Sudo nano /etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

加える:

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerName localhost
DocumentRoot /Library/WebServer/Documents/
</VirtualHost>

Apacheを再起動します

Sudo apachectl restart

WebServerのデフォルトユーザーの変更

VhostsにUsers/username/Sitesフォルダーを使用することのフラストレーションの1つは、更新や認証などに関する許可の問題です。

これは、httpdを実行するデフォルトのWebサーバーユーザーが_wwwとして知られており、ローカルアカウントのユーザーではないためです。マシンが自分だけで使用されており、ウェブサーバーがアカウントでのみ実行される場合は、ユーザーを変更できます。

ターミナルでユーザーとグループを見つけるにはidコマンドを使用してユーザー名とグループを表示します

id

多数のユーザーグループを取得します。プライマリユーザーuidおよびgroup gid名が必要です

uid=502(your_user_name) gid=20(staff)

/etc/Apache2/httpd.confを編集した後

Sudo nano /etc/Apache2/httpd.conf

ブロックを見つける

<IfModule unixd_module>

とコメント

#User _www
#Group _www

新しい2行のユーザーuidを追加した後、私の場合は上記のidコマンドで定義されたグループgid:

User your_user_name
Group staff

ソース: http://coolestguidesontheplanet.com/set-virtual-hosts-Apache-mac-osx-10-10-yosemite/

6
sambua

最初から最後までこれらの指示に従うことは私のために働いた: https://www.computersnyou.com/3376/setup-Apache-php-mysql-macosx-10-10-yosemite/

Rozkoszからの提案に応じて追加された基本的な指示:

これらの手順は、Yosemiteのアップグレード後にApacheをゼロからセットアップするためのものです。これのほとんどを完了したようですが、/etc/Apache2/users/YOURUSERNAME.confを編集する必要があります。いずれにせよ、ここにすべての要約があります:

/etc/Apache2/httpd.confの次のコメントを外します

LoadModule authn_core_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authn_core.so
LoadModule authz_Host_module libexec/Apache2/mod_authz_Host.so 
LoadModule userdir_module libexec/Apache2/mod_userdir.so 
Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

次に、/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.confに移動してコメントを外します。

Include /private/etc/Apache2/users/*.conf 

/etc/Apache2/users/YOURUSERNAME.confファイルには次が含まれている必要があります。

<Directory /Users/*/Sites>
  DirectoryIndex index.html index.php index index.html default.html default.htm
  AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit Indexes
  Options MultiViews Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch IncludesNoExec
  <Limit GET POST OPTIONS>
   Require all granted
  </Limit>
  <LimitExcept GET POST OPTIONS>
   Require all denied
  </LimitExcept>
</Directory>

ここで、ホームディレクトリにSitesフォルダを作成し、Apacheを再起動すると、すべてが正常に機能するはずです。

4
kacmcgrath

エルキャプテンの再開、ユーザーサポート:

  • Sudo nano /private/etc/Apache2/users/username.conf

    <Directory "/Users/noone/Sites/">
        Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks Includes ExecCGI
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from localhost
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
    
  • Sudo nano /etc/Apache2/httpd.conf、コメント解除:

    LoadModule userdir_module libexec/Apache2/mod_userdir.so
    LoadModule include_module libexec/Apache2/mod_include.so
    LoadModule rewrite_module libexec/Apache2/mod_rewrite.so
    LoadModule cgi_module libexec/Apache2/mod_cgi.so
    LoadModule php5_module libexec/Apache2/libphp5.so
    
    Include /private/etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf
    
  • Sudo nano /etc/Apache2/extra/httpd-userdir.conf、コメント解除:

    Include /private/etc/Apache2/users/*.conf
    
  • apachectl configtest

  • Sudo apachectl restart

here から取得。

4
Borzh

Apache 2では、mod_userdir拡張機能を有効にする必要があります。

a2enmod userdir

必要に応じて、Sudoをプレフィックスとして付けます。

次に、Apacheをリロード/再起動します。

0
kenorb