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PowerShellを使用してWebサイトからSSL証明書をダウンロードするにはどうすればよいですか?

PowerShellを使用して、たとえば https://www.Outlook.com からSSL証明書をダウンロードしたいと思います。出来ますか?誰かが私を助けることができますか?

9
RafaMarrara

ServicePointオブジェクトのHttpWebRequestプロパティを使用して、公開鍵を取得できるはずです。この必要な情報は、問題のサイトにhttpリクエストを送信すると入力されます。

信頼できない証明書を持つサイトにリクエストが行われると、GetResponseメソッドは例外をスローしますが、ServicePointにはまだCertificateが含まれているため、WebExceptionステータスが信頼の失敗の場合。

したがって、次のようなものが機能するはずです。

_function Get-PublicKey
{
    [OutputType([byte[]])]
    PARAM (
        [Uri]$Uri
    )

    if (-Not ($uri.Scheme -eq "https"))
    {
        Write-Error "You can only get keys for https addresses"
        return
    }

    $request = [System.Net.HttpWebRequest]::Create($uri)

    try
    {
        #Make the request but ignore (dispose it) the response, since we only care about the service point
        $request.GetResponse().Dispose()
    }
    catch [System.Net.WebException]
    {
        if ($_.Exception.Status -eq [System.Net.WebExceptionStatus]::TrustFailure)
        {
            #We ignore trust failures, since we only want the certificate, and the service point is still populated at this point
        }
        else
        {
            #Let other exceptions bubble up, or write-error the exception and return from this method
            throw
        }
    }

    #The ServicePoint object should now contain the Certificate for the site.
    $servicePoint = $request.ServicePoint
    $key = $servicePoint.Certificate.GetPublicKey()
    Write-Output $key
}

Get-PublicKey -Uri "https://www.bing.com"
Get-PublicKey -Uri "https://www.facebook.com"
_

メソッドを何度も呼び出したい場合で、同じアドレスを持つものがある場合は、ServicePointManager.FindServicePoint(System.Uri)メソッドを使用して関数を改善することをお勧めします。これは、リクエストが既に行われている場合にキャッシュされたバージョンを返すためです。そのサイトに。したがって、サービスポイントに情報が入力されているかどうかを確認できます。そうでない場合は、Webリクエストを行います。ある場合は、既存の情報を使用して、httpリクエストを保存します。

12

より多くの知識を共有するには:-)

$webRequest = [Net.WebRequest]::Create("https://www.Outlook.com")
try { $webRequest.GetResponse() } catch {}
$cert = $webRequest.ServicePoint.Certificate
$bytes = $cert.Export([Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509ContentType]::Cert)
set-content -value $bytes -encoding byte -path "$pwd\Outlook.Com.cer"

私の同僚のマイケルJ.ライオンズはこれを私と共有しました。

20
RafaMarrara

から http://poshcode.org/2521

function Get-WebsiteCertificate {
  [CmdletBinding()]
  param (
    [Parameter(Mandatory=$true)] [System.Uri]
      $Uri,
    [Parameter()] [System.IO.FileInfo]
      $OutputFile,
    [Parameter()] [Switch]
      $UseSystemProxy,  
    [Parameter()] [Switch]
      $UseDefaultCredentials,
    [Parameter()] [Switch]
      $TrustAllCertificates
  )
  try {
    $request = [System.Net.WebRequest]::Create($Uri)
    if ($UseSystemProxy) {
      $request.Proxy = [System.Net.WebRequest]::DefaultWebProxy
    }

    if ($UseSystemProxy -and $UseDefaultCredentials) {
      $request.Proxy.Credentials = [System.Net.CredentialCache]::DefaultNetworkCredentials
    }

    if ($TrustAllCertificates) {
      # Create a compilation environment
      $Provider=New-Object Microsoft.CSharp.CSharpCodeProvider
      $Compiler=$Provider.CreateCompiler()
      $Params=New-Object System.CodeDom.Compiler.CompilerParameters
      $Params.GenerateExecutable=$False
      $Params.GenerateInMemory=$True
      $Params.IncludeDebugInformation=$False
      $Params.ReferencedAssemblies.Add("System.DLL") > $null
      [email protected]'
        namespace Local.ToolkitExtensions.Net.CertificatePolicy {
          public class TrustAll : System.Net.ICertificatePolicy {
            public TrustAll() { 
            }
            public bool CheckValidationResult(System.Net.ServicePoint sp,
              System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate cert, 
              System.Net.WebRequest req, int problem) {
              return true;
            }
          }
        }
'@ 
      $TAResults=$Provider.CompileAssemblyFromSource($Params,$TASource)
      $TAAssembly=$TAResults.CompiledAssembly

      ## We now create an instance of the TrustAll and attach it to the ServicePointManager
      $TrustAll=$TAAssembly.CreateInstance("Local.ToolkitExtensions.Net.CertificatePolicy.TrustAll")
      [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::CertificatePolicy=$TrustAll
    }

    $response = $request.GetResponse()
    $servicePoint = $request.ServicePoint
    $certificate = $servicePoint.Certificate

    if ($OutputFile) {
      $certBytes = $certificate.Export(
          [System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509ContentType]::Cert
        )
      [System.IO.File]::WriteAllBytes( $OutputFile, $certBytes )
      $OutputFile.Refresh()
      return $OutputFile
    } else {
      return $certificate
    }
  } catch {
    Write-Error "Failed to get website certificate. The error was '$_'."
    return $null
  }

  <#
    .SYNOPSIS
      Retrieves the certificate used by a website.

    .DESCRIPTION
      Retrieves the certificate used by a website. Returns either an object or file.

    .PARAMETER  Uri
      The URL of the website. This should start with https.

    .PARAMETER  OutputFile
      Specifies what file to save the certificate as.

    .PARAMETER  UseSystemProxy
      Whether or not to use the system proxy settings.

    .PARAMETER  UseDefaultCredentials
      Whether or not to use the system logon credentials for the proxy.

    .PARAMETER  TrustAllCertificates
      Ignore certificate errors for certificates that are expired, have a mismatched common name or are self signed.

    .EXAMPLE
      PS C:\> Get-WebsiteCertificate "https://www.gmail.com" -UseSystemProxy -UseDefaultCredentials -TrustAllCertificates -OutputFile C:\gmail.cer

    .INPUTS
      Does not accept pipeline input.

    .OUTPUTS
      System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate, System.IO.FileInfo
  #>
}

function Import-Certificate {
<#
    .SYNOPSIS
        Imports certificate in specified certificate store.

    .DESCRIPTION
        Imports certificate in specified certificate store.

    .PARAMETER  CertFile
        The certificate file to be imported.

    .PARAMETER  StoreNames
        The certificate store(s) in which the certificate should be imported.

    .PARAMETER  LocalMachine
        Using the local machine certificate store to import the certificate

    .PARAMETER  CurrentUser
        Using the current user certificate store to import the certificate

    .PARAMETER  CertPassword
        The password which may be used to protect the certificate file

    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\> Import-Certificate C:\Temp\myCert.cer

        Imports certificate file myCert.cer into the current users personal store

    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\> Import-Certificate -CertFile C:\Temp\myCert.cer -StoreNames my

        Imports certificate file myCert.cer into the current users personal store

    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\> Import-Certificate -Cert $certificate -StoreNames my -StoreType LocalMachine

        Imports the certificate stored in $certificate into the local machines personal store 

    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\> Import-Certificate -Cert $certificate -SN my -ST Machine

        Imports the certificate stored in $certificate into the local machines personal store using alias names

    .EXAMPLE
        PS C:\> ls cert:\currentUser\TrustedPublisher | Import-Certificate -ST Machine -SN TrustedPublisher

        Copies the certificates found in current users TrustedPublishers store to local machines TrustedPublisher using alias  

    .INPUTS
        System.String|System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate2, System.String, System.String

    .OUTPUTS
        NA

    .NOTES
        NAME:      Import-Certificate
        AUTHOR:    Patrick Sczepanksi (Original anti121)
        VERSION:   20110502
        #Requires -Version 2.0
    .LINK
        http://poshcode.org/2643
        http://poshcode.org/1937 (Link to original script)

#>

    [CmdletBinding()]
    param
    (
        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$true,Mandatory=$true, Position=0, ParameterSetName="CertFile")]
        [System.IO.FileInfo]
        $CertFile,

        [Parameter(ValueFromPipeline=$true,Mandatory=$true, Position=0, ParameterSetName="Cert")]
        [System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate2]
        $Cert,

        [Parameter(Position=1)]
        [Alias("SN")]
        [string[]] $StoreNames = "My",

        [Parameter(Position=2)]
        [Alias("Type","ST")]
        [ValidateSet("LocalMachine","Machine","CurrentUser","User")]
        [string]$StoreType = "CurrentUser",

        [Parameter(Position=3)]
        [Alias("Password","PW")]
        [string] $CertPassword
    )

    begin
    {
        [void][System.Reflection.Assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("System.Security")
    }

    process 
    {
        switch ($pscmdlet.ParameterSetName) {
            "CertFile" {
                try {
                    $Cert = New-Object System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Certificate2 $($CertFile.FullName),$CertPassword
                }
                catch {   
                    Write-Error ("Error reading '$CertFile': $_ .") -ErrorAction:Continue
                }
            }
            "Cert" {

            }
            default {
                Write-Error "Missing parameter:`nYou need to specify either a certificate or a certificate file name."
            }
        }

        switch -regex ($storeType) {
            "Machine$" { $StoreScope = "LocalMachine" }
            "User$"  { $StoreScope = "CurrentUser" }
        } 

        if ( $Cert ) {
            $StoreNames | ForEach-Object {
                $StoreName = $_
                Write-Verbose " [Import-Certificate] :: $($Cert.Subject) ($($Cert.Thumbprint))"
                Write-Verbose " [Import-Certificate] :: Import into cert:\$StoreScope\$StoreName"

                if (Test-Path "cert:\$StoreScope\$StoreName") {
                    try
                    {
                        $store = New-Object System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.X509Store $StoreName, $StoreScope
                        $store.Open([System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates.OpenFlags]::ReadWrite)
                        $store.Add($Cert)
                        if ( $CertFile ) {
                            Write-Verbose " [Import-Certificate] :: Successfully added '$CertFile' to 'cert:\$StoreScope\$StoreName'."
                        } else {
                            Write-Verbose " [Import-Certificate] :: Successfully added '$($Cert.Subject) ($($Cert.Thumbprint))' to 'cert:\$StoreScope\$StoreName'."
                        }
                    }
                    catch
                    {
                        Write-Error ("Error adding '$($Cert.Subject) ($($Cert.Thumbprint))' to 'cert:\$StoreScope\$StoreName': $_ .") -ErrorAction:Continue
                    }
                    if ( $store ) {
                        $store.Close()
                    }
                } 
                else {
                    Write-Warning "Certificate store '$StoreName' does not exist. Skipping..."
                }
            }
        } else {
            Write-Warning "No certificates found."
        }
    }

    end { 
        Write-Host "Finished importing certificates." 
    }
}

私はこれらの関数を次のようにうまく使用しました:

##Import self-signed certificate
Get-WebsiteCertificate $baseUrl local.cer -trust | Out-Null
Import-Certificate -certfile local.cer -SN Root  | Out-Null
2
Andrew Savinykh